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  • Vollrath, 1922

    Vollrath, 1922

  • Doman, 2010

    Doman, 2010

  • Vollrath, 1922

    Vollrath, 1922

  • Buzády, 1990

    Buzády, 1990

  • Roostertail 2012

    Roostertail, 2012

  • Nagyszeben, 1901

    Waildmannsheil, 1901

Transylvanian Hound | Erdélyi Kopó

[ɛrdeːji kopoː]

Canis familiaris sagax braco Transsylvanicus

Hunting Dog

The Transylvanian Hound, also known as Pannon Hound, is an ancient Hungarian hunting breed that evolved as a result of specific climate and geographical conditions in the Carpathian Mountains. Its origin dates back to the 10th century. It is preferred for its strenuous hunting skills, its keen sense of smell, and its loyal and brave personality.


Archeological discoveries indicate that there were several hound-type dogs during the Migration Period (376–800 CE). The existing hounds mixed with the hounds the Magyars brought with them during the Magyar settlement period (896 CE) into the Carpathian Basin. Hunting in deeply forested, mountainous areas of the Carpathians resulted in the Pannonian Hound around the 10th–11th centuries. This is the ancestor of the Transylvanian Hound. Etymologists believe its name came from Persian.

Originally, the long-legged version of these hounds was used to hunt larger game such as deer, wild boar, and bison. The short-legged hound chased rabbit, fox and mountain goat. But because of changes to hunting caused by geographical changes, the short-legged version became extinct. During the mid-20th century, the Transylvanian Hound bordered on extinction due to a 1947 Romanian statute that prohibited gun-ownership. This essentially banned most hunting. It also declared the breed dangerous to the game stock. That caused no litters to be registered between 1947 and 1969. Breed enthusiasts rescued a few and started to professionally breed them, but the continuation of the breed still requires a lot of committment. Of the nine Hungarian dog breeds, the Transylvanian Hound remains the closest to extinction. Very few live outside of Hungary.

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