The nine Hungarian dog breeds evolved throughout the past millennia. To further understand their unique history, they are here compared with some well-known breeds.
The German Shepherd is a relatively new breed; its origin dates to the late 19th century. Max von Stephanitz bred them with rural working sheep dogs. The breed standard was established in 1899 and the first dog was imported into the U.S. in 1906.
Its ancestor is the English Cocker spaniel. The first one arrived to the United States in 1620. Two centuries later, the breed was registered with the American Kennel Club as the American Cocker Spaniel.
Developed during the British settlement of Newfoundland in the early 1500s, they are also called St. John’s dog. They were imported to England and the second Earl of Malmesbury started the first kennel of Labradors in the early 18th century.
The ancestors of the Akita inhabited the northern part of Honshu, Akita prefecture, Japan. Some believe they were bred by only the Emperor’s Samurais and accompanied them on their fights. Akita’s personality resembles the Samurai—fearless and loyal.
Historians dispute the Dalmatians’ origin; many believe they originated in the region of Dalmatia, Croatia around 1300. They spread to Northern Europe and Asia by migrating Gypsies. Dalmatians have several nicknames, like Coach Dog or Plum Pudding Dog.
These dogs’ origins can be traced to the Iberian Peninsula around the 12th century. Some researchers believe they arrived from Turkey between 600-900 AD. Hardworking countrymen developed this multi-purpose breed for herding, hunting, guarding, and companionship.
Although, the Newfoundland’s origin is disputed, some experts suggest they developed from the Black Bear dog and were brought to Newfoundland and the Americas by the Vikings in the early 10th century. In the 16th century, Portuguese fishermen crossbred them with the Portuguese Mastiff andthe breed became popular in Europe.